Download e-book for iPad: Ancient Concepts of Philosophy by William Jordan;Dr William Jordan

By William Jordan;Dr William Jordan

ISBN-10: 0203979435

ISBN-13: 9780203979433

ISBN-10: 0415089409

ISBN-13: 9780415089401

Historic suggestions of Philosophy units the paintings of the ancients within the context of contemporary puzzling over the character and price of philosophy. William Jordan questions what we will be able to study from the traditional philosopher's various conceptions of the precise lifestyles. He argues that old philosophy used to be tied even more heavily to methods of existence, and lived as much as its attractiveness because the look for knowledge. Jordan lines the emergence of the concept that the thinker leads a particular and uniquely worthwhile way of life. This old thought of philosophy, he argues, is the single which differs such a lot markedly from our personal.

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Kant is prepared to accept, and indeed to maintain, in opposition to sceptics, that there is no way forward to knowledge of things in themselves on the basis of knowledge of how things must seem to us. Descartes, whose ‘cogito ergo sum’ seems to express a truth about ourselves, hopes to find his way back to truths about the rest of the world through a proof of the existence of a God who is no deceiver. We might expect that Parmenides, like Descartes, would seek to work back from a truth that he thinks we can know for certain, but a truth about ourselves, to some truths about the external world.

8, ll. 38–41). This seems to exhibit a recognition that there is only one thing—the one thing that there is, for all words to refer to. But it does not offer a solution of that problem. Let us recognise at this point first that it is just conceivable that the problem of the coherence of the argument has been overstated. Scott Austin has recently argued that perhaps Parmenides only disapproves of assertoric negative existentials and negative predications, and that his poem is in fact free from such locutions (Austin, 1986:30).

10 above, is sometimes thought to be the philosophical method par excellence. Certainly it is the most powerful form of argument in philosophy; valid deductive arguments based on true premisses are not open to challenge. The attempt to build a philosophical position on the securest possible foundation is also philosophically significant, and will resurface later in the history of philosophy, notably with Descartes. If we want to challenge Parmenides’ conclusions, we must either locate a fallacy in his deductive argument, or challenge the truth of his premiss esti.

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Ancient Concepts of Philosophy by William Jordan;Dr William Jordan

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