By Andrew D Shaw; et al
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Additional resources for Acute care of the cancer patient
The selective nature of EGF-R expression within tumors was demonstrated when human prostate tumor cells were injected into the tibia of nude mice (87). Immunohistochemical analysis revealed that the PC3MM2 cells growing adjacent to the bone expressed high levels of EGF-R and activated EGF-R, whereas tumor cells in the adjacent musculature did not. Moreover, endothelial cells within the bone tumor lesions, but not within uninvolved bone or tumors in the muscle, expressed high levels of activated EGF-R.
37) and endothelial cells within the tumor with kinase inhibitors have also been discussed (93). E. Antiangiogenic Properties of Interferon-a The antiangiogenic properties of IFN-a have been deﬁned by studies using syngeneic murine tumor models and human tumors implanted into nude mice. As found with the chronic administration of IFN-a in hemangiomas (33), frequent, low doses of free-form IFN-a administered to mice implanted with syngeneic bladder carcinoma cells result in downregulation of angiogenesis-related genes (bFGF, MMP-9) and reduction of tumor burden (94).
C. Blockade of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor Receptor Signaling Using a mouse-speciﬁc antibody (DC101) against the VEGF receptor, Bruns et al. (89) demonstrated inhibition of tumor growth, decrease in metastasis, and induction of apoptosis in both tumor cells and the tumor-associated endothelium in the human 5 pancreatic tumor model in nude mice. Together, these data suggest that either deprivation of growth factors (caused by a decrease in their production) or blockade of receptor signaling leads to dual targeting within the tumor microenvironment.
Acute care of the cancer patient by Andrew D Shaw; et al