By Richard Barras
This two-volume e-book explores how the good constructions of britain undergo witness to one thousand years of the nation’s historical past. In all ages, funding in iconic constructions reaches a climax whilst the present mode of creation is working such a lot successfully, surplus wealth is so much ample, and the dominant classification principles very best. in the course of such sessions of balance and prosperity, the call for for brand spanking new structures is robust, structural and stylistic options abound, and there's fierce festival to construct for lasting status. each one such climax produces a distinct classic of hegemonic structures which are monuments to the wealth and gear of these who governed their international.
This moment quantity offers 3 case reports of iconic construction funding from the eighteenth century to the current day. throughout the eighteenth century the wealth of the good landed estates funded the golden age of kingdom condominium construction via aristocracy and gentry. in the course of the 19th century the commercial Revolution unleashed an extraordinary wave of infrastructure funding and civic development by way of the ascendant capitalist classification. because the overdue 20th century the ability of world monetary capital has been symbolized through the relentless upward thrust of urban centre workplace towers. a last bankruptcy argues that those diversified kinds of hegemonic development are a actual manifestation of the underlying rhythm of English history.
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Additional info for A Wealth of Buildings: Marking the Rhythm of English History: Volume II: 1688–Present
The slave trade was a crucial component of the Atlantic economy. England was first among the slave-trading nations, carrying 40 % of the six million slaves transported from West Africa to the American colonies 6 Landed Supremacy 23 during the eighteenth century (Blackburn 1997: 383). Cities such as Bristol and Liverpool grew rich upon the trade. The patriotic narrative which has been constructed around the ‘land of liberty’ has afforded greater prominence to Britain’s role in the abolition of the slave trade in 1807 and slavery itself in 1833, than to the great wealth which the nation had previously accumulated from the practice.
Nevertheless, though the landed elite retained their political power and social superiority, their leadership was increasingly ‘circumscribed by the imperatives of an ebullient capitalist economy’ (Rogers 1979: 437). 5). Landed Elite The eighteenth century marks the apogee of aristocratic power and wealth in England. Far from being overthrown, the great landowners emerged triumphant from the revolutionary settlement, extending their political influence, flaunting their social status, relishing their elegant lifestyle, and displaying their fine houses.
It was the combination of commercial and financial capitalism that supported the development of the fiscal-military state. The growth of empire, trade, and economy was inextricably linked (Hobsbawm 1969: 48–54). Mercantilism reached its highest state of development in England during the seventeenth century, as the government implemented a series of measures to regulate overseas trade (Holderness 1976: 179–88). The aim was to protect both the import of cheap raw materials from the colonies and the domestic production of manufactured goods for export.
A Wealth of Buildings: Marking the Rhythm of English History: Volume II: 1688–Present by Richard Barras