New PDF release: A progressive grammar of the Telugu language

By A H Arden

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Tertio modo dicitur constructio modus construendi, scilicet quemadmodum una dictio dicitur construi cum alia transitive vel intransitive ... (Fierville 1886:177-8) 43 a coherent and complete thought' and is divided into four classes, transitive, intransitive, reciprocal, and retransitive, concerning which we shall give our description and doctrine below. (3) 'Construction' is the term for the way words are put together. In this sense a word is said to be joined to another word transitively or intransitively.

Modism arose out of speculative grammar in the mid 1200s as the concept of modus significandi assumed a more and more prominent role in the analysis of language. 2 Important pre-modistic authors include Magister Jordanus (c. 1230/50); Roger Bacon (Summa grammatica, c. 1240); Johannes le Rus, Robert Kilwardby, and PseudoKilwardby (all c. 1250); and Goswin of Marbais and Simon Dacus Domifex3 (both c. 1260). Further, treatises that are pre-modistic or semimodistic in content were written at much later dates by authors who did not assimilate modism in its entirety, such as Thomas de Hancya (1313).

In modistic theory, words can differ either in what they signify, or in how they signify it, or both. Currere and cursus signify the same thing under different modes and are therefore different parts of speech; currere, 'run', and ambulare, 'walk', being the same part of speech, signify different things under the same mode. In holding that the parts of speech were identified by modes of signifying, and that modes of signifying were non-arbitrary, the Modistae came near to committing themselves to the belief that the parts of speech had to be the same in all languages; yet they were aware that Greek had a definite article, which Latin lacked.

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A progressive grammar of the Telugu language by A H Arden

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