Download e-book for kindle: A Comprehensive Introduction To Differential Geometry Volume by Michael Spivak

By Michael Spivak

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C. Smart one sort of thing left outside the physicalist picture, and for various reasons I just cannot believe that this can be so. That everything should be explicable in terms of physics (together of course with descriptions of the ways in which the parts are put together-roughly, biology is to physics as radio-engineering is to electromagnetism) except the occurrence of sensations seems to me to be frankly unbelievable. Such sensations would be 'nomological danglers', to use Feigl's expression.

Indeed, so disparate are these two experiences that we use differ- Is consciousness a brain process? 47 ent words to describe them. That which is a cloud when we observe it from a distance becomes a fog or mist when we are enveloped by it. IV. WHEN ARE Two SETS OF OBSERVATIONS OBSERVATIONS OF THE SAME EVENT? The example of the cloud and the mass of tiny particles in suspension was chosen because it is one of the few cases of a general proposition involving what I have called the 'is' of composition which does not involve us in scientific technicalities.

Ryle, The Concept of Mind (1949). a Place, 'The Concept of Heed', British Journal of Psychology, XLV (1954), 243-55· 44 U. T. Place 'Consciousness is a process in the brain', although not necessarily true, is not necessarily false. 'Consciousness is a process in the brain' in my view is neither self-contradictory nor self-evident; it is a reasonable scientific hypothesis, in the way that the statement 'Lightning is a motion of electric charges' is a reasonable scientific hypothesis. The all but universally accepted view that an assertion of identity between consciousness and brain processes can be ruled out on logical grounds alone derives, I suspect, from a failure to distinguish between what we may call the 'is' of definition and the 'is' of composition.

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A Comprehensive Introduction To Differential Geometry Volume 5, Second Edition by Michael Spivak


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